Las vacunas COVID podrían haber salvado alrededor de 234,000 vidas estadounidenses en 2021

Apr 22 2022
Un nuevo informe estima que alrededor de 234,000 estadounidenses que murieron a causa del virus después de junio de 2021 se habrían salvado si se hubieran vacunado.

COVID-19 siguió siendo una de las enfermedades más mortales en los Estados Unidos en 2021 y, al igual que en 2020, el virus fue la tercera causa principal de muerte, según un nuevo informe de los Centros para el Control de Enfermedades. Pero no tuvo que ser gracias a las vacunas contra el COVID-19, y otro nuevo informe estima que alrededor de 234 000 estadounidenses que murieron a causa del virus después de junio de 2021 se habrían salvado si se hubieran vacunado.

El jueves, Kaiser Family Foundation publicó un nuevo análisis que analizó la cantidad de muertes de adultos por COVID-19 desde junio de 2021, cuando las vacunas estaban ampliamente disponibles y todos los estadounidenses podrían haberse vacunado por completo, hasta marzo de 2022. Después de eliminar la pequeña cantidad de muertes que ocurrieron en personas que fueron vacunadas y teniendo en cuenta otros factores de riesgo, la organización sin fines de lucro estimó que alrededor de 234,000 estadounidenses que murieron durante ese período habrían vivido si se hubieran vacunado.

"Since vaccines became widely available last summer, a total of 389,000 adults in the United States have died of COVID-19, and 6 in 10 of those deaths — about 234,000 deaths — could have been prevented by timely vaccinations," the researchers said. "This analysis underscores the importance of continued efforts to increase the number of people vaccinated and boosted against COVID-19."

As of April 21, just 66% of Americans are fully vaccinated, according to CDC data.

And on Friday, the CDC released their annual report on the leading causes of deaths in the U.S. They found that in 2021, COVID-19 was again the third leading cause of death, behind only heart disease and cancer. More than 415,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2021, while around 693,000 people died from heart disease and 605,000 people died from cancer.

The death rate from COVID-19 also increased by nearly 20% between 2020 and 2021, with 60,000 more Americans dying from the virus .

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With flu rates low over the last two years, influenza was no longer in the top 10 leading causes of deaths. Suicide replaced it, and was the tenth leading cause of death in 2021.

The highest numbers of COVID-19 deaths occurred in Black people, American Indians and Alaskan Natives, though the racial disparities in COVID-19 deaths declined between 2020 and 2021. Black Americans made up 13% of COVID-19 deaths, down from 16% in 2020, while deaths among white Americans went from around 60% to 65% in 2021.

"The year 2021 saw the highest death rate since 2003, with increases in many leading causes of death, including COVID-19 and unintentional injuries," the CDC said. "… We must work to ensure equal treatment in all communities in proportion to their need for effective interventions that can prevent excess COVID-19 deaths."

As information about thecoronavirus pandemic rapidly changes, PEOPLE is committed to providing the most recent data in our coverage. Some of the information in this story may have changed after publication. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from the CDC, WHO and local public health departments. 

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